Asterix and Obelix will not hear you, but the most famous wine country in the world owes its status to the Romans. They introduced widespread viticulture in France, including in the Bourgogne and Champagne.
After the fall of the Roman Empire wine production largely disappeared behind monastery walls. With the emergence of cities around the 13th century, wine became popular again. And that would henceforth remain so.
France received the reputation of the best and producer of the most expensive wines in the 19th century. Because the names of their vineyards became famous, the French started protecting them. Today, France has 17 wine regions, and is still the largest wine producer in the world.